State medical liability reform (MLR) is essential to fix a broken liability system, ensuring that patients do not lose access to physicians and a full range of health care services. Together with state and specialty medical associations and other stakeholders, the AMA is pursuing both traditional and innovative medical liability reforms at the state level. 

PDF 1: Medical Liability Reform NOW!

The AMA is fully committed to advocating for proven medical liability reforms, such as the Medical Injury Compensation Reform Act (MICRA). However, states should also evaluate and implement innovative reforms to see which can improve the nation’s medical liability climate. These ideas can complement proven reforms, such as caps on non-economic damages. They may also improve the liability climate in states unable to enact traditional liability reforms for political or judicial reasons.

Physicians and other advocates can draw on campaign materials including summaries of state liability reform laws, issue briefs and model state legislation in pursuing a proactive medical liability reform legislative agenda.

Issue briefs

Draw on issue briefs and other resources for background on major topics related to medical liability reform.

PDF 2: Early Disclosure and Compensation Programs

PDF 3: Standard of Care Protection Act

PDF 4: Liability Safe Harbors for the Practice of Evidence-Based Medicine

PDF 5: Constitutional Challenges to State Caps on Noneconomic Damages

Model legislation

Those looking to enact liability reforms in their state can use the following model bills as a starting point in the law-making process.

PDF 6: Limitation on Noneconomic Damages in Medical Liability Cases

PDF 7: Regulation of Contingency Fees Paid by Medical Injury Claimants

PDF 8: Collateral Source Payments in Medical Liability Cases

PDF 9: Limitations in Medical Injury Cases

PDF 10: Periodic Payments of Awards for Future Damages

PDF 11: Regulation of Expert Witnesses in Medical Injury Actions

PDF 12: To Foster Open Communication Between Health Care Providers and Patients After Unanticipated Health Care Outcomes

PDF 13: To Require an Affidavit of Merit in Actions Against Health Care Providers for Damages When Rendering or Failing to Render Health Care Services

PDF 14: Model Bill Civil Liability During Disasters

PDF 15: Model Bill to Provide Coverage for Volunteer Physicians

Other resources

Liability laws vary from state to state. Learn about state medical liability laws in your state and across the country.

PDF 16: State Laws Chart I: Liability Reforms

PDF 17: State Laws Chart II: Liability Reforms

PDF 18: Caps on Damages

PDF 19: Licensing Provisions and Liability Laws for Senior and Volunteer Physicians

Contact information

CONTACT 1: Kristin Schleiter

State medical liability reform (MLR) is essential to fix a broken liability system, ensuring that patients do not lose access to physicians and a full range of health care services. Together with state and specialty medical associations and other stakeholders, the AMA is pursuing both traditional and innovative medical liability reforms at the state level. 

PDF 1: Medical Liability Reform NOW!

The AMA is fully committed to advocating for proven medical liability reforms, such as the Medical Injury Compensation Reform Act (MICRA). However, states should also evaluate and implement innovative reforms to see which can improve the nation’s medical liability climate. These ideas can complement proven reforms, such as caps on non-economic damages. They may also improve the liability climate in states unable to enact traditional liability reforms for political or judicial reasons.

Physicians and other advocates can draw on campaign materials including summaries of state liability reform laws, issue briefs and model state legislation in pursuing a proactive medical liability reform legislative agenda.

Issue briefs

Draw on issue briefs and other resources for background on major topics related to medical liability reform.

PDF 2: Early Disclosure and Compensation Programs

PDF 3: Standard of Care Protection Act

PDF 4: Liability Safe Harbors for the Practice of Evidence-Based Medicine

PDF 5: Constitutional Challenges to State Caps on Noneconomic Damages

Model legislation

Those looking to enact liability reforms in their state can use the following model bills as a starting point in the law-making process.

PDF 6: Limitation on Noneconomic Damages in Medical Liability Cases

PDF 7: Regulation of Contingency Fees Paid by Medical Injury Claimants

PDF 8: Collateral Source Payments in Medical Liability Cases

PDF 9: Limitations in Medical Injury Cases

PDF 10: Periodic Payments of Awards for Future Damages

PDF 11: Regulation of Expert Witnesses in Medical Injury Actions

PDF 12: To Foster Open Communication Between Health Care Providers and Patients After Unanticipated Health Care Outcomes

PDF 13: To Require an Affidavit of Merit in Actions Against Health Care Providers for Damages When Rendering or Failing to Render Health Care Services

PDF 14: Model Bill Civil Liability During Disasters

PDF 15: Model Bill to Provide Coverage for Volunteer Physicians

Other resources

Liability laws vary from state to state. Learn about state medical liability laws in your state and across the country.

PDF 16: State Laws Chart I: Liability Reforms

PDF 17: State Laws Chart II: Liability Reforms

PDF 18: Caps on Damages

PDF 19: Licensing Provisions and Liability Laws for Senior and Volunteer Physicians

Contact information

CONTACT 1: Kristin Schleiter

PDF 1: AMA medical liability reform efforts

PDF 18: Other resources

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Contact 1

For more information and resources on state medical liability reform

Kristin Schleiter

Senior Legislative Attorney

[email protected]