USMLE® Step 3

Kaplan USMLE Step 3: Patient’s voice is hoarse after surgery


If you’re preparing for the United States Medical Licensing Examination® (USMLE®) Step 3 exam, you might want to know which questions are most often missed by test-prep takers. Check out this example from Kaplan Medical, and read an expert explanation of the answer. Also check out all posts in this series.  

Free study aid when you join the AMA

Medical students who become AMA members can select a free gift from a variety of powerful study aids for the USMLE and COMLEX-USA tests.

Supporting you today as a medical student. Protecting your future as a physician.

A 24-year-old man returns to your office 10 days after a right knee arthroscopy for a medial meniscus tear. The patient originally injured his knee playing football with his brothers, and the MRI disclosed a meniscal tear.

The patient has no other medical history and underwent a successful arthroscopic meniscus removal under general anesthesia. He reports that since the surgery, his voice has been hoarse, and he often feels liquid getting into his windpipe.

Which of the following is the next best step in management of this patient?

A. Tell him he has an upper respiratory tract infection.

B. Tell him he should have his vocal cords visualized by an otolaryngologist.

C. Tell him his symptoms are caused by a thyroid problem.

D. Tell him his vocal cords were damaged by the endotracheal tube.

E. Tell him it is normal to have a sore throat and hoarseness after surgery.














The correct answer is B.

One of the risks of general anesthesia is damage to the vocal cords by direct trauma. Although rare, it does occur, and it manifests itself in just the way this patient presents: hoarseness after surgery that does not improve after one week.

Any such patient should have a full ENT evaluation by an otolaryngologist to determine if there is any cord paralysis or paresis. An ENT will visualize the vocal cords, ruling out any other pathology, such as a laryngeal polyp.

Choice A: This patient has no evidence of any upper respiratory infection (URI). Even if he did, however, given his proximity to general anesthesia and an endotracheal tube, it is much more likely that his symptoms are due to this event and not a URI.




Did you answer the question correctly?

Log in to get tips to remember and learn more from Kaplan Medical about why the other answer choices can be eliminated.

AMA membership has its advantages

  • Access education programs and study guides to help you thrive.
  • Distinguish yourself with AMA leadership opportunities.
  • Enjoy exclusive perks and savings.

Not a member? Become a member now.