• A
  • |
  • A
  • Text size

CEJA Reports

Most unpublished CEJA reports are available in PDF format. Citations for reports that have been published are listed; corresponding publications can be obtained from most libraries. Reports not available online (such as those recently adopted by the AMA and pending publication) are made available upon request by contacting CEJA staff. If you do not know the number or the year of the report you are seeking, you can consult the list below where report titles are listed in chronological order.

Please note: CEJA reports may not be reproduced without express written permission.

November 2014 (I-14)

1-I-14

Physician Exercise of Conscience
(pending publication)

June 2014 (A-14)

3-A-14

Restrictive Covenants

7-A-14

Judicial Function of the Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs – Annual Report

November 2013 (I-13)

2-I-13

Amendment to Opinion E-8.061, “Gifts to Physicians from Industry”

3-I-13

Modernizing the Code of Medical Ethics

5-I-13

Professionalism in Health Care Systems

June 2013 (A-13)

3-A-13

Amendment to Opinion E-5.0551, “Confidential Care for Minors”

5-A-13

Judicial Function of the Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs – Annual Report

November 2012 (I-12)

1-I-12

Amendment to Opinion E-9.011, “Continuing Medical Education”

June 2012 (A-12)

1-A-12

Physician Stewardship of Health Care Resources

2-A-12

Judicial Function of the Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs – Annual Report

5-A-12

Physician Responsibilities for Safe Patient Discharge from Health Care Facilities

November 2011 (I-11)

2-I-11

Deferral of Blood Donation by Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM)

June 2011 (A-11)

1-A-11

Financial Relationships with Industry in Continuing Medical Education

4-A-11

Societal and Ethical Consequences of a Five-Year Blood Donation Deferral Policy for Men Who Have Had Sex with Men

5-A-11

Amendment to Opinion E-2.146, “Cloning for Biomedical Research”

6-A-11

Informed Consent in Research Involving Stored Human Biological Materials

7-A-11

Judicial Function of the Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs – Annual Report

November 2010 (I-10)

1-I-10

Amendment to Opinion E-10.016, “Pediatric Decision-Making”

4-I-10

Advance Care Planning

5-I-10

Routine Universal Immunization of Physicians for Vaccine-Preventable Disease

6-I-10

Nonsimultaneous, Altruistic Organ Donation

8-I-10

Professionalism in the Use of Social Media
(J Clin Ethics. 2011;22(2):97-104.)

9-I-10

Update: Modernizing the AMA Code of Medical Ethics

June 2010 (A-10)

3-A-10

Amendment to Opinion E-2.23, “HIV Testing”

5-A-10

Judicial Function of the Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs—Annual Report

November 2009 (I-09)

3-I-09

Physicians with Disruptive Behavior

4-I-09

Update: Modernizing the AMA Code of Medical Ethics

June 2009 (A-09)

2-A-09

Financial Barriers to Health Care Access

3-A-09

Breach of Security in Electronic Health Records
(J Clin Ethics. 2009;21(1):39-41.)

4-A-09

Physician Employment by a Nonphysician Supervisee

5-A-09

Quality

6-A-09

Human and Nonhuman Hybrids

7-A-09

Judicial Function of the Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs—Annual Report

9-A-09

Secret Shopper Patients

 

November 2008 (I-08)

1-I-08*

Physicians' Self-Referral

1-I-08**

Industry Support for Professional Education in Medicine —Update

4-I-08

Informed Consent in Investigational Trials

5-I-08

Modernizing the AMA Code of Medical Ethics

* Physician Self-Referral is a report issued by Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs, numbered CEJA Report 1-I-08

** CEJA Report 1-A-08, “Industry Support for Professional Education in Medicine”—Update, is a joint report issued by the Council on Ethical Affairs (CEJA) and the Council on Medical Education (CME), numbered CEJA-CME Report 1-I-08.
 

June 2008 (A-08)

4-A-08

Peers as Patients

5-A-08

Sedation to Unconsciousness in End-of-Life Care

6-A-08

Expedited Partner Therapy

7-A-08

Protection of Medical Staff Members' Personal Proprietary Financial Information

8-A-08

Surgeons' Attendance During Surgery

10-A-08

Judicial Function of the Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs—Annual Report

November 2007 (I-07)

2-I-07

Modification of Ethics Policy to Ensure Inclusion for Transgender Physicians, Medical Students, and Patients)

3-I-07

Amendment to Opinion E-9.095, “Trademarks, Patents, Copyrights, and Other Legal Restrictions on Medical Procedures”

4-I-07

Pediatric Decision-Making

6-I-07

Amendment to E-2.02, "Physicians' Obligations in Preventing, Identifying, and Treating Violence and Abuse"

9-I-07

Umbilical Cord Blood Banking

June 2007 (A-07)

2-A-07

Industry Representatives in Clinical Settings

3-A-07

Referral of Patients: Disclosure of Limitations

5-A-07

Radio Frequency ID Devices in Humans

6-A-07

Physician Objection to Treatment and Individual Patient Discrimination (Res. 5, A-06)

8-A-07

Restrictive Covenants

9-A-07

Judicial Function of the Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs—Annual Report

10-A-07

Physicians in Administrative or Other Non-clinical Roles

November 2006 (I-06)

2-I-06

Placebo Use in Clinical Practice
(J Clin Ethics. 2008:19(1);58-61.)

4-I-06

Amendment to Opinion E-5.05, “Confidentiality

June 2006 (A-06)

2-A-06

Withholding Information from Patients (Therapeutic Privilege)

3-A-06

Solicitation of the Public for Directed Donation of Organs for Transplantation

8-A-06

The Judicial Function of the Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs - Applicant and Member Screening

9-A-06

Judicial Function of the Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs—Annual Report

10-A-06

Physician Participation in Interrogation (Res. 1, I-05)

November 2005 (I-05)

1-I-05

The Use of Quarantine and Isolation as Public Health Interventions
(Pub Health Reports. 2008;123(1):3-8)

2-I-05

Ethics of Physician Participation in Reality Television for Entertainment (PDF, 46KB)

3-I-05

Physician Pay-for-Performance Programs
(Indiana Health Law Review. 2006;3(2):421-37.)

June 2005 (A-05)

1-A-05

Judicial Function of the Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs – Annual Report

3-A-05

Direct-to-Consumer Diagnostic Imaging Tests

4-A-05

Patient Privacy and Outside Observers to the Clinical Encounter

5-A-05

Transplantation of Organs from Living Donors

6-A-05

Universal Out-of-Hospital DNR Systems

7-A-05

Presumed Consent for Organ Donation

8-A-05

Resident Physicians’ Involvement in Patient Care

9-A-05

Racial and Ethnic Health Care Disparities
(JNMA. 2006;98(8):1329-1334.)

10-A-05

Organ Procurement Following Cardiac Death, Amendment

December 2004 (I-04)

2-I-04

Discipline of Impaired Physicians by CEJA

5-I-04

Amendment to Opinion E-9.025, “Collective Action and Patient Advocacy”

June 2004 (A-04)

2-A-04

Professional Courtesy to Physicians and Their Families

3-A-04

Selection of Health Care Decision-Making Surrogates

4-A-04

Financial Incentives to Patients for Referrals

6-A-04

Physician Obligation in Disaster Preparedness and Response
(Cambridge Quarterly for Healthcare Ethics. 2006;15(4):417-421.)

7-A-04

Physician Participation in Soliciting Contributions from Patients

9-A-04

Guidelines to Prevent Malevolent Use of Biomedical Research
(Cambridge Quarterly for Healthcare Ethics. 2006;15(4):432-439.)

10-A-04

Judicial Function of the Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs – Annual Report

12-A-04

Medical Testimony

December 2003 (I-03)

2-I-03

Professionalism and Contractual Relations

5-I-03

Physician Health and Wellness
(Occup Med (Lond). 2006 Mar;56(2):77-82.)

June 2003 (A-03)

2-A-03

Ethical Responsibility to Study and Prevent Error and Harm in the Provision of Health Care

3-A-03

Retainer Practices

4-A-03

Gifts from Patients to Physicians

5-A-03

Professional Self-Regulation and the Judicial Function of the Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs

6-A-03

Use of Health Related Websites
(AJOB. 2003;3(3).)

7-A-03

Cloning-for-Biomedical-Research

8-A-03

Disrespect and Derogatory Conduct in the Patient-Physician Relationship

9-A-03

Disclosure of Familial Risk in Genetic Testing
(Genetics in Medicine. November/December 2004;8(3):356-359.)

10-A-03

Maintenance of Certification--Ethical Dimensions

12-A-03

Filming for Educational Purposes

December 2002 (I-02)

3-I-02 

Ethical Guidelines for the Use of Electronic Mail between Patients and Physicians
Opinion 5.026
(AJOB. 2003;3(3).)

June 2002 (A-02)

1-A-02

Cadaveric Organ Donation: Encouraging the Study of Motivation
Opinion 2.151
(Transplantation. 2003;76(4):748-751.)

2-A-02

Disclosure of Familial Risk in Genetic Testing
(Genetic Testing. September 2004;8(3):356-359.)

December 2001 (I-01)

2-I-01

Privacy in the Context of Health Care
Opinion 5.059

4-I-01

The Use of DNA Databanks in Genomic Research: The Imperative of Informed Consent
Opinion 2.079
(Genetics in Medicine. November/December 2004;6(6):526-529.)

5-I-01

A Declaration of Professional Responsibility
Further information on the Declaration

June 2001 (A-01)

1-A-01

The Patient-Physician Relationship
Opinion 10.015

2-A-01

Ethical Considerations in International Research
Opinion 2.077

3-A-01

Filming Patients in Health Care Settings
Opinion 5.045

4-A-01

Surrogate Decision Making
Opinion 8.081

5-A-01

Performing Procedures on the Newly Deceased for Training Purposes
Opinion 8.181
(Acad Med. 2002;77:1212-1216.)

December 2000 (I-00)

1-I-00

Proposed Revision of the Principles of Medical Ethics (PDF, 115KB)
AMA Principles of Medical Ethics

2-I-00

Medical Student Involvement in Patient Care
Opinion 8.087
(J Clin Ethics. 2001;12(2):111-115.)

3-I-00

Managing Conflicts of Interest in the Conduct of Clinical Trials
Opinion 8.0315
(JAMA. 2002;287(1):78-84.)

4-I-00

The Ethical Implications of Xenotransplantation

6-I-00

Genetic Information and the Criminal Justice System
Opinion 2.136
(J Law Med Ethics. 2002;30:88-94.)

7-I-00

Support for the Gift of Life Tax Credit Act

June 2000 (A-00)

2-A-00

Physicians With Disruptive Behavior
Opinion 9.045

3-A-00

Surgical "Placebo" Controls
Opinion 2.076
(Ann Surg. 2002;235(2):303-307.)

4-A-00

Potential Patients: Ethical Considerations 
Opinion 10.05

5-A-00

Confidentiality of Medical Information Postmortem
Opinion 5.051
(Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2001;125(September):1189-1192.)

December 1999 (I-99)

1-I-99

Impaired Drivers and Their Physicians
Opinion 2.24

3-I-99

Medical Students Performing Procedures on Fellow Students 
Opinion 3.09

4-I-99

Signing Bonuses to Attract Graduates of U.S. Medical Schools 
Opinion 9.037

5-I-99

Ethical Implications of Surgical Co-Management
Opinion 8.043

June 1999 (A-99)

1-A-99

Sale of Health-Related Products from Physicians' Offices
Opinion 8.063

2-A-99

The Ethics of Human Cloning
Opinion 2.147
See companion reports by the Council on Scientific Affairs

3-A-99

Ethical Obligations of Medical Directors
Opinion 8.021

5-A-99

Patient-Physician Relationship in the Context of Work-Related and Independent Medical Examinations
Opinion 10.03

6-A-99

Access to Medical Records by Non-Treating Medical Staff
Opinion 7.025

December 1998 (I-98)

2-I-98

Physicians' Political Communications with Patients and their Families
Opinion 9.012

3-I-98

Conflicts of Interest: Biomedical Research
Opinion 8.031

4-I-98

Direct-to-Consumer Advertisements of Prescription Drugs
Opinion 5.015
(Food and Drug Law Journal. 2000;55(1):119-24)

5-I-98

Ethical Considerations of Fees for Referrals (PDF, 124KB)

June 1998 (A-98)

4-A-98

Court-Initiated Medical Treatment in Criminal Cases
Opinion 2.065
(J Law Medicine and Ethics. 27(2):1999 [Letter to the Editor].)

5-A-98

Information from Unethical Experiments
Opinion 2.30

9-A-98

Collective Action and Patient Advocacy
Opinion 9.025

10-A-98

The Use of Chaperones During Physical Exams
Opinion 8.21

11-A-98

Sexual or Romantic Relations between Physicians and Key Third Parties
Opinion 8.145

12-A-98

Reporting Clinical Test Results
Opinion 8.095

December 1997 (I-97)

1-I-97

Financial Incentives and the Practice of Medicine
Opinion 8.054

2-I-97

Patenting the Human Genome
Opinion 2.105

3-I-97

Ethics Consultations
Opinion 9.115

5-I-97

Sale of Non-Health-Related Goods from Physicians' Offices
Opinion 8.062
(JAMA. 1998;280(6):563.)

6-I-97

Subject Selection for Clinical Trials
Opinion 2.071
(IRB. March-June 1998;20(2-3):12-15.)

7-I-97

Invalid Medical Treatment
Opinion 8.20

Joint Report of CEJA and CMS

Health Care Fraud and Abuse (I-97)
Opinion 9.132
(J Okla St Med Assoc. October 1998;91(7):408-409.)

June 1997 (A-97)

1-A-97

Waiver of Informed Consent for Emergency Room Research
Opinion 8.085

4-A-97

The Ethical Implications of Capitation
Opinion 8.051

5-A-97

Optimal Use of Orders Not to Intervene and Advance Directives
Opinion 2.225
(Psychology, Public Policy, and Law. 1998;4:668-674.)

7-A-97

Covenants-Not-to-Compete for Physicians-in-Training
Opinion 9.021
(JAMA. 1997;278(7):530an.)

December 1996 (I-96)

1-I-96

Multiplex Genetic Testing
Opinion 2.139
(Hastings Center Report. July-August 1998;28(4):15-21.)

2-I-96

Medical Futility in End-of-Life Care
Opinion 2.037
Medical futility in end-of-life care. (JAMA. 1999;281:937-941.)

3-I-96

Principles of Genetic Carrier Testing
Not cited in Code of Medical Ethics

4-I-96

Organ Procurement: Upholding Donor Decisions
Not cited in Code of Medical Ethics, see related CEJA Opinion 2.155: Mandated Choice and Presumed Consent for Cadaveric Organ Donation; and CEJA Opinion 2.157: Organ Procurement Following Cardiac Death

June 1996 (A-96)

1-A-96

Restrictions on Disclosure in Managed Care Contracts
Opinion 8.137

2-A-96

Ethical Use of Placebo Controls in Clinical Trials
Opinion 2.075

3-A-96

Ethical Issues in Negotiating Discount for Specialty Care 
Opinion 8.052

Joint Report of CEJA and CSA

Issues of Ethical Conduct in Assisted Reproductive Technology
Opinion 2.055

June 1995 (A-95)

1-A-95

Ethical Issues in the Patenting of Medical Procedures
Opinion 9.095
(Food and Drug Law Journal. 1998; 53(2): 341-357)

2-A-95

Managed Care Cost Containment Involving Prescription Drugs
Opinion 8.135
(Food and Drug Law Journal. 1998; 53 (1): 25-34)

3-A-95

Assertion of the Professional Hippocratic Fiduciary Ethic in the Face of Health Care Reform Proposals (PDF, 152KB)

4-A-95

Testing Children for Genetic Status
Opinion 2.138

5-A-95

Gifts to Physicians from Industry: Subsidized Participation by Students, Residents and Fellows in Carefully Selected Educational Conferences (PDF, 139KB)

6-A-95

Physician Participation in Capital Punishment: Evaluations of Prisoner Competence to be Executed: Treatment to Restore Competence to be Executed (PDF, 237KB)

December 1994 (I-94)

1-I-94

Pre-embryo Splitting
Not cited in Code of Medical Ethics, see related Opinion 2.145

2-I-94

Finder's Fees: Payment for the Referral of Patients to Clinical Research Studies
Opinion 6.03

3-I-94

Ethical Issues in Organ Procurement Following Cardiac Death: In Situ Preservation of Cadaveric Organs
Opinion 2.157

4-I-94

Ethical Issues in the Procurement of Organs Following Cardiac Death: The Pittsburgh Protocol
Opinion 2.157

5-I-94

The Use of Anencephalic Neonates as Organ Donors
Opinion 2.162
(JAMA. 1995 May 24-31; 273(20): 1614-8)

June 1994 (A-94)

13-A-94

Ethical Issues in Managed Care
Opinion 8.13
(JAMA. 1995; 273: 330-335)

December 1993 (I-93)

1-I-93

Disputes Between Medical Supervisors and Trainees
Opinion 9.055
(JAMA. 1994; 272: 1861-1865)

2-I-93

Strategies for Cadaveric Organ Procurement: Mandated Choice and Presumed Consent
Opinion 2.155
(JAMA. 1994 Sept 14; 272 (10): 809-12)

3-I-93

The Use of Minors as Organ and Tissue Donors
The previous Opinion 2.167 was deleted in November 2005 and replaced by the current Opinion 2.15, “Transplantation of Organs from Living Donors.”

5-I-93

Conflicts of Interest: Update on Home Care
Opinion 8.035

6-I-93

Financial Incentives for Organ Procurement: Ethical Aspects of Future Contracts for Cadaveric Donors
Opinion 2.15
(Arch Intern Med. 1995 Mar 27; Vol. 155)

7-I-93

Ethical Issues in Health Care Systems Reform: The Provision of Adequate Health Care
Opinion 2.095
(JAMA. 1994 Oct. 5; 272(13): 1056-62)

8-I-93

Physician-Assisted Suicide
Opinion 2.211
(JAMA. 1992; 267: 2229-2233)

June 1993 (A-93)

A-A-93

Patient Responsibilities
Opinion 10.02
House of Delegates Policy 140.953: Patient Responsibilities

B-A-93

Reporting Adverse Drug and Medical Device Events
Opinion 9.032
(Food and Drug Law Journal. 1994; 4 9(2): 359-366)

E-A-93

Physician Participation in Genetic Testing by Health Insurance Companies
Opinion 2.135

G-A-93

Gender Discrimination in the Medical Profession
Opinion 9.035
(Women's Health Issues. 1994 Spring; Vol. 4 No.1)

K-A-93

Ethical Considerations in the Allocation of Organs and Other Scarce Medical Resources Among Patients
Opinion 2.03: Allocation of Limited Medical Resources
Opinion 2.16: Organ Transplant Guidelines
(Arch Intern Med. 1995; 155: 29-40)

December 1992 (I-92)

A-I-92

Physician Participation in Capital Punishment
Opinion 2.06
(JAMA. 1993; 270: 365-368)

B-I-92

Ethical Guidelines for Medical Consultants
Opinion 8.02

C-I-92

Caring for the Poor
Opinion 9.065
(JAMA. 1993; 269: 2533-2537)

D-I-92

Prenatal Genetic Screening
Opinion 2.11: Gene Therapy
Opinion 2.12: Genetic Counseling
(Arch Fam Med. 1994; 2: 633-642)

June 1992 (A-92)

C-A-92

Confidentiality of HIV Status on Autopsy Reports
(Arch Pathol Lab Med. 1992; 116: 1120-1123)

G-A-92

Confidential Care for Minors
Opinion 5.055

H-A-92

Mandatory Parental Consent to Abortion
Opinion 2.015
(JAMA. 1993; 269: 82-86)

I-A-92

Treatment Decisions for Seriously Ill Newborns
Opinion 2.215

13-A-94

Ethical Issues in Managed Care
Opinion 8.13
(JAMA. 1995; 273: 330-335)

December 1991 (I-91)

A-I-91

Reporting Impaired, Incompetent or Unethical Colleagues
Opinion 9.031
(J Miss St Med Assoc. 1992 May; 33(5): 176-7)

B-I-91

Physicians and Family Violence: Ethical Considerations 
Opinion 2.02
(JAMA. 1992; 267: 3190-3193)

C-I-91

Conflicts of Interest: Physician Ownership of Medical Facilities 
Opinion 8.032: Conflicts of Interest: Health Facility Ownership by Physician
Opinion 8.06: Drugs and Devices: Prescribing
(JAMA. 1992; 267: 2366-2369)

June 1991 (A-91)

A-A-91

Ethical Issues in Carrier Screening of Cystic Fibrosis and Other Genetic Disorders
Opinion 2.137

B-A-91

Decisions Near the End of Life
Opinion 2.20: Withholding or Withdrawing Life-Sustaining Treatments
Opinion 2.21: Euthanasia
Opinion 2.211: Physician Assisted Suicide
(JAMA. 1992; 267 (16): 2229-2233)

D-A-91

Decisions to Forgo Life Sustaining Treatment for Incompetent Patients
Opinion 2.20
(JAMA. 1992; 267: 2229-2233)

E-A-91

Genetic Testing by Employers
Opinion 2.132
(JAMA. 1991; 266: 1827-1830)

December 1990 (I-90)

A-I-90

Sexual Misconduct in the Practice of Medicine
Opinion 8.14
(JAMA. 1991; 266: 2741-2745)

B-I-90

Gender Disparities in Clinical Decision-Making
Opinion 9.122
(JAMA. 1991; 266: 559-562)

D-I-90

Guidelines for the Appropriate Use of Do-Not-Resuscitate Orders
Opinion 2.22
(JAMA. 1991; 265: 1868-1871)

G-I-90

Gifts to Physicians From Industry
Opinion 8.061
(JAMA. 1991; 265: 501)
(Food and Drug Law Journal. 1992; 47: 445-458)

June 1990 (A-90)

A-A-90

Fundamental Elements of the Patient-Physician Relationship
Opinion 10.01

B-A-90

Financial Incentives to Limit Care: Financial Implications for HMOs and IPAs
Opinion 8.132

E-A-90

Who Should Profit From the Economic Value of Human Tissue? An Ethical Analysis
Opinion 2.08

December 1989 (I-89)

B-I-89

Informing Families of a Patient's Death: Guidelines for the Involvement of Medical Students
Opinion 8.18

C-I-89

Black-White Disparities in Health Care
Opinion 9.121
(JAMA. 1990; 263: 2344-2346)

I-I-89

Frozen Pre-Embryos
Opinion 2.141
(JAMA. 1990; 263: 2484-2487)

Joint Report of CSA and CEJA

Scientific Fraud and Misrepresentation
Not cited in Code of Medical Ethics, see related Opinion 2.07: Clinical Investigation

Joint Report of CSA and CEJA

Conflicts of Interest in Biomedical Research
Opinion 8.031
(JAMA. 1990; 263: 2790-2793)

June 1989 (A-89)

A-A-89

Guidelines for the Use of Restraints in Long Term Care Facilities
Opinion 8.17

B-A-89

Sexual Harassment and Exploitation Between Medical Supervisors and Trainees
Opinion 3.08

C-A-89

Conflicts of Interest: Update
Not cited in Code of Medical Ethics, see related Opinion 8.03: Conflicts of Interest: Guidelines

Joint Report of CSA and CEJA

Persistent Vegetative State and the Decision to Withdraw or Withhold Life Support
Not cited in Code of Medical Ethics, see related Opinion 2.20: Withholding or Withdrawing Life-Sustaining Medical Treatment
(JAMA. Jan. 19 1990; 263(3): 426-430)

Joint Report of CSA and CEJA

Medical Applications of Fetal Tissue Transplantation
Opinion 2.161
(JAMA. 1990; 263: 565-570)

December 1988 (I-88)

A-I-88

Postoperative Care
Not cited in Code of Medical Ethics, see related House of Delegates Policies 475.991: Postoperative Care - Responsibility and Reimbursement; and 475.993: Postoperative Care.

B-I-88

Ethical Implications of Age-Based Rationing of Health Care
Not cited in Code of Medical Ethics, see related Opinion 2.03: Allocation of Limited Medical Resources, and Opinion 2.095: The Provision of Adequate Health Care.

C-I-88

Anencephalic Neonates as Organ Donors
Not cited in Code of Medical Ethics, see related Opinion 2.162
(JAMA. 1995; May 24-31, Vol. 273 No. 20)

June 1988 (A-88)

A-A-88

Physicians Serving on Hospital Governing Boards
Not cited in Code of Medical Ethics, see related House of Delegates Policy 225.983: Physician Representation on Hospital Governing Boards

C-A-88

Euthanasia
Not cited in Code of Medical Ethics, see related Opinion 2.21
(JAMA. 1992; 267: 2229-2233)

December 1987 (I-87)

A-I-87

Ethical Issues Involved in the Growing AIDS Crisis
Opinion 2.23
Opinion 9.131
(JAMA. 1988; 259: 1360-1361)

B-I-87

Do-Not-Resuscitate Orders
Opinion 2.22
(JAMA. 1991, 265: 1868-1871)

C-I-87

Study of Practice Enhancement Arrangements
Not cited in Code of Medical Ethics

December 1986 (I-86)

A-I-86

Conflicts of Interest
Opinion 8.03

B-I-86

Statement on AIDS 
Not cited in Code of Medical Ethics, see related Opinion 2.23: HIV Testing; and Opinion 9.131: HIV-Infected Patients and Physicians.

June 1986 (A-86)

A-A-86

Fees for Service When Fulfilling Third Party Payer Requirements 
Not cited in Code of Medical Ethics

December 1985 (I-85)

A-I-85

Notification of Employees at Elevated Disease Risk
Not cited in Code of Medical Ethics

B-I-85

Blood Doping
Not cited in Code of Medical Ethics, see related House of Delegates Policy 470.978

June 1985 (A-85)

A-A-85

Second Opinion Programs
Opinion 8.041

December 1984 (I-84)

B-I-84

Surrogate Parenting

C-I-84

Conflict of Interest—Guidelines

D-I-84

Ethical Implications of Hospital-Physician Risk-Sharing Arrangements Under DRGs

E-I-84

Guidelines for Ethics Committees in Health Care Institutions (PDF, 59KB)
Opinion 9.11
(JAMA. 1985; 253: 2698-2699)

June 1984 (A-84)

A-A-84

Organ Donation

December 1983 (I-83)

B-I-83

Confidentiality in the Physician/Patient Relationship

C-I-83

Surrogate Mothers

June 1983 (A-83)

A-A-83

Genetic Counseling; Artificial Insemination by Donor; and In Vitro Fertilization

B-A-83

Interprofessional Relations with Nurses

C-A-83

Sports Medicine

December 1982 (I-82)

A-I-82

Judicial Council Opinion on Abuse of Children, Elderly Persons, and Others at Risk

C-I-82

Ethical Guidelines for Physicians Engaged in Accreditation Activities

December 1981 (I-81)

A-I-81

Charging Interest on Over Due Accounts; Finance Charges

B-I-81

Judicial Council Activities in Bioethics

June 1981 (A-81)

A-A-81

Current Opinions of the Judicial Council

B-A-81

Hospital Ethics Committee

C-A-81

Care of Patients with Neocortical Brain Death

December 1980 (I-80)

B-I-80

Bioethics

July 1980 (A-80)

A-A-80

Capital Punishment

B-A-80

Laboratory Services

July 1979 (A-79)

A-A-79

Interprofessional Relations

December 1978 (I-78)

A-I-78

Cost-Benefit Analysis and Decision Theory

June 1978 (A-78)

C-A-78

Interprofessional Relations

December 1977 (I-77)

Joint Report of CEJA and CMS

Confidentiality of Computerized Patient Information

June 1977 (A-77)

A-A-77

Terminal Illness

B-A-77

The AMA and Medical Ethics