The AMA's Code of Medical Ethics offers ethical guidance for the medical profession and centers on the physician-patient relationship. It sets ethical guidance to how physicians should interact with patients. The AMA believes all physicians should uphold the ethical standards set forth in the Code.

Order the Code of Medical Ethics

Visit the AMA online store to purchase a personalized or commemorative edition of the AMA’s Code of Medical Ethics.

First developed in 1847, the Code is regularly updated through reports and opinions of the Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs (CEJA). CEJA’s role is to analyze and address timely issues confronting physicians and the medical profession. 

The AMA is bound by due process in all matters related to complaints and generally does not have the legal authority or possesses the proper resources to investigate individual cases.

Grievances against a medical professional who you believe is acting unethically or not providing a certain standard of care should be directed to your state medical licensing board.

Legal standards of professional conduct are set by individual state medical licensing boards and may vary from state to state. While there is no single definition of unprofessional conduct, the Federation of State Medical Board defines such conduct as:

  • Patient abuse
  • Inadequate record keeping
  • Failure to meet the standard of care
  • Prescribing drugs in excess or without legitimate reason
  • Failing to meet continuing medical education requirements
  • Dishonesty
  • Conviction of a felony
  • Delegating the practice to an unlicensed individual

Billing disputes and poor customer service are generally not viewed as unprofessional conduct.

Contact your state medical licensing board to find out what the standards are in your state.

AMA policy can be found in several ways:

The Code states that physicians should make medical records available as requested by the patient and that a reasonable fee may be charged for transferring medical records (see Opinion 3.3.1 "Management of Medical Records"). Individual states may have regulations defining reasonable fee, contact your state medical licensing board to find out what the regulations are in your state. 

The Code states that, in general, physicians are free to choose whom to serve (see Principle VI, Principles of Medical Ethics), but physicians have an obligation to support continuity of care for their patients (see Opinion 1.1.5 "Terminating a Patient-Physician Relationship"). Physicians and patients wanting to know more about the appropriate mechanism for terminating a patient-physician relationship should contact their state medical licensing board to find out what the regulations are in their state.

Opinion 1.1.2 “Prospective Patients” defines circumstances in which a physician may ethically decline to accept specific patients before a patient-physician relationship has been established.

AMA Ethics Group

Tom Wagner

Telephone: (312) 464-4823

Email: [email protected]

AMA Journal of Ethics® inquiries or assistance

Visit the Journal of Ethics contact page

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