State medical liability reform (MLR) is essential (PDF, members only) to fix a broken liability system (PDF, members only), ensuring that patients do not lose access to physicians and a full range of health care services. The AMA is pursuing both traditional and innovative medical liability reforms at the state level.
The AMA is fully committed to advocating for proven MLR laws, such as the Medical Injury Compensation Reform Act (MICRA). However, there also needs to be support for states to evaluate and implement innovative reforms to see which can improve the nation’s medical liability climate. Some concepts include:
- Health courts
- Liability safe harbors for the practice of evidence-based medicine
- Early disclosure and compensation models
- Expert witness guidelines
- Affidavits of merit
These ideas can complement proven reforms, such as caps on noneconomic damages. They may also improve the liability climate in states unable to enact traditional liability reforms for political or judicial reasons.
Liability laws vary from state to state. The following resources provide a snapshot of state laws across the country: