• A
  • |
  • A
  • Text size

Pronunciation Guide

This pronunciation guide has been developed and approved by the USAN Council, and was revised at the USAN Council meeting, July 14, 2006, to facilitate pronunciation of USAN and will be used on all future Statements of Adoption.

Syllables
Syllable designations are based upon phonetic considerations.  A prime mark (') follows the primary accent syllable; a double prime mark (") follows any secondary accent syllable.  All syllables are separated by a blank space.  No diacritical marks are used.

Sounds and spelling
Short vowel sounds receive no special designations in any syllable.

Vowels, long - spelling designations in all syllables except the last syllable unless indicated otherwise:

a

ay

(may)

e

ee

(lee) same in last syllable also

i

eye

ye

when by itself as a syllable

when in conjunction with a consonant:  lye

o

oh

oe

(when by itself as a syllable)

(when in conjunction with a consonant:  toe)

u

ue

(cue, cure) same in last syllable also

y

ee

eye

(oxytocin, ox ee toe' sin)

(kanamycin, kan a mye' sin)

Spelling designations in the last syllable: The vowels a, i, and o assume long vowel sounds by the addition of an e at the end of the syllable.

- rate

- bite

- toe

Short vowel sounds receive no special designation in any syllable.

Digraphs:

ah

father

aw

paw

oi

oil

oo

food

ou

ought

ow

out

oy oil

 

ch

child

ng

sing

sh

shot

th

thought

wh

when


Consonant sounds and examples:

b

bed

c

citrate (si' trate)

carbon (kar' bon)

d

dog

f

flew

g

gore

digital (di' ji tal)

l

low

m

my

n

no

p

pit

q

queen (kween)

r

rot

s

sing

t

taught

v

vote

x

ox

xanthines (zan' theens)

y

yes

z

zinc (zink)