2015 Election Manual
We are pleased to provide this 29th edition of the American Medical Association Election Manual containing information on candidates for office in our AMA. This edition includes a description of the AMA election process and the current rules governing the conduct of campaigns. The candidates and their sponsoring societies prepared the text and submitted the copy for publication. The speakers recommended that information concerning sponsoring and endorsing societies be included. The speakers also suggested that the candidates include relevant biographical information and, if desired, a personal statement. The speakers believe, however, that responsibility for the content properly rests with the candidates.
We are again offering an online version of the Election Manual, which will provide links to each candidate’s conflict-of-interest information. As we migrate toward making greater use of our digital platform, we trust you will find the online version both user-friendly and robust.
The elections are scheduled for Tuesday, June 9.
Andrew W. Gurman, MD
Speaker, House of Delegates
Susan R. Bailey, MD
Vice speaker, House of Delegates
The American Medical Association House of Delegates (AMA-HOD) elects officers and members of four councils at each Annual Meeting. Nominations for these offices are widely solicited throughout the Federation. Campaigns are often spirited and are conducted under rules established by the AMA-HOD, rules that may be modified from time to time. This democratic process allows delegates ample opportunity to become acquainted with the candidates and their views. The elections are conducted by secret ballot under the supervision of the Committee on Rules and Credentials and the chief teller, who are appointed by the speaker and vice speaker.
The AMA Board of Trustees (BOT) solicits nominations twice a year for the four elected councils, which are the Council on Constitution and Bylaws, Council on Medical Education, Council on Medical Service, and Council on Science and Public Health. The deadline for receipt of nominations is March 15 of each year, and the AMA-BOT announces council nominees after its April meeting.
Officers are nominated by their sponsoring societies; they are not nominated by the AMA-BOT. As a courtesy and to keep the headquarters informed, these candidates are asked to send a letter to the executive vice president announcing their intention to seek elective office.
Under AMA-HOD policy, all candidates for election are required to complete a conflict of interest / disclosure of affiliations form prior to their election. Council nominees should include their forms with other nomination materials; officer candidates should send their forms to the Office of House of Delegates Affairs by March 15 of each year. The requirement applies to all candidates for election, including those nominated from the floor. (G-610.020)
Officer and council candidates usually announce their intention to seek office well in advance of the Annual Meeting by distributing an announcement on the last day of the preceding Annual or Interim Meeting or through a general mailing to delegates and alternate delegates between meetings of the AMA-HOD. Only one announcement is permitted. An announcement of candidacy includes any or all of the following pieces of information: the candidate’s name, photograph, email address, URL, the office sought and a list of endorsing societies. The inclusion of additional items constitutes a per se violation of the rules. (G 610.020)
Announcements of candidacy are considered separate and distinct from active campaigning. Active campaigns for AMA elective office may not begin until the AMA-BOT has announced the nominees for council seats after its April meeting. Active campaigning includes mass outreach activities directed to all or a significant portion of the members of the AMA-HOD, communicated by or on behalf of the candidate (e.g., letters and emails). (G-610.020) This policy applies to all candidates, whether seeking election to the AMA-BOT or to a council.
At the Opening Session of the Annual Meeting, each officer candidate in a contested election will give a two-minute self-nominating speech. The order of the speeches will be determined by lot. No speeches for unopposed candidates will be given, except for president-elect. When there is no contest for president-elect, a delegate will place the candidate’s name in nomination, and the election will then be by acclamation. When there are two or more candidates for the office of president-elect, a two-minute nomination speech will be given by a delegate. In addition, the speaker will schedule a debate in front of the AMA-HOD to be conducted by rules established by the speaker.
There are no nominating or seconding speeches for council candidates; the chair of the AMA-BOT places their names in nomination at the Opening Session of the AMA-HOD, after which the speaker will call for additional nominations from the floor. Nominees from the floor will be required to complete the conflict of interest / disclosure of affiliations form within 60 minutes after the Opening Session recesses.
This listing of campaign rules is comprised of several policies adopted by the AMA-HOD and procedures developed by the speakers to comply with AMA-HOD actions. Where AMA-HOD policies are listed, the meeting(s) at which the action was taken and the relevant AMA policy number are listed in parentheses following the policy. The rules are listed in general categories.
The following principles provide guidance on how AMA-HOD elections should be conducted and how the selection of AMA leaders should occur:
1. AMA delegates should: (a) avail themselves of all available background information about candidates for elected positions in the AMA; (b) determine which candidates are best qualified to help the AMA achieve its mission; and (c) make independent decisions about which candidates to vote for.
2. Any electioneering practices that distort the democratic processes of AMA-HOD elections, such as vote trading for the purpose of supporting candidates, are unacceptable.
3. Candidates for elected positions should comply with the requirements and the spirit of AMA-HOD policy on campaigning and campaign spending.
4. Candidates and their sponsoring organizations should exercise restraint in campaign spending. Federation organizations should establish clear and detailed guidelines on the appropriate level of resources that should be allocated to the political campaigns of their members for AMA leadership positions.
5. Incumbency should not assure the re-election of an individual to an AMA leadership position.
6. Service in any AMA leadership position should not assure ascendancy to another leadership position. (I-01, G-610.021
1. Campaign expenditures and activities should be limited to prudent and reasonable levels necessary for adequate candidate exposure to the delegates. (I-80, G-610.020)
2. Campaign parties are allowed only at the Annual Meeting. A state, specialty society, caucus or coalition may contribute to more than one party, but a candidate may be featured at only one party. Featured means: (a) standing in a receiving line, (b) appearing by name or in a picture on a poster or notice in or outside of the party venue, or (c) distributing stickers, buttons, etc. with the candidate’s name on them. At these events, alcohol may be served only on a cash or no-host bar basis.
This limits a candidate to being featured at only one party at the Annual Meeting irrespective of who sponsors the event. Any particular society may, however, contribute to more than one party or campaign event, so long as a candidate is featured at only one event. (Revised, I-14, G-610.020)
3. Campaign gifts can be distributed at only the Annual Meeting in the not-for-official-business bag and at one campaign party. Campaign gifts should only be distributed during the Annual Meeting and not mailed to delegates and alternate delegates in advance of the meeting. (I-92, G-610.020)
4. Campaign memorabilia shall be limited to a button, pin, sticker or other low-cost item, the maximum cost of which shall be determined by the speaker of the AMA-HOD. No other campaign memorabilia shall be distributed at any time. (I-96, G-610.020)
5. The speaker has determined the following expense limitations for campaign-related giveaways:
- The cost of stickers, pins or buttons will not be included in the spending limits. Stickers, pins or buttons should be simple and not be gifts in disguise.
- Each candidate is limited to spending no more than $2.50 per delegate and alternate delegate for memorabilia and/or giveaways, including drawings or door prizes for items to be delivered either at the meeting or later. For 2015, the states, specialty societies, government services and sections are allocated 538 delegates and 538 alternate delegates for a total spending limit of $2,690. This limit applies for the entire year and is specifically intended to include the total cost of those items distributed in the bag at the Opening Session as well as any raffle or drawing conducted on behalf of a candidate. This expense may include quantity discounts available to anyone but must be calculated at full retail price regardless of the actual price spent for the item.
6. Candidates for AMA office should not attend meetings of the state medical societies unless officially invited and could accept reimbursement of travel expenses by the state society in accordance with the policies of the society. (I-93, Reaffirmed I-96, G-610.020)
1. There should be no formal campaign activities during the Interim Meeting. This would not preclude distribution of an announcement of candidacy:
- On the last day of the Annual Meeting; or
- On the last day of the Interim Meeting; or
- One announcement of candidacy by a mailing prior to the Interim Meeting.
This rule would prohibit campaign parties at the Interim Meeting and the distribution of campaign literature and gifts at the Interim Meeting. Individual outreach—such as small group meetings (including informal dinners) meant to familiarize others with a candidate’s opinions and positions on issues—is allowed at the Interim Meeting. (I-92, Reaffirmed I-96, Appended A-11, G-610.020)
2. Displays of campaign posters, signs and literature are prohibited in public areas of hotels in which Annual Meetings are held.
Displays of campaign posters, signs and literature in public areas of hotels in which Annual Meetings are held detract from the dignity of the position being sought and are unsightly. Campaign posters may be displayed at the campaign parties, and campaign literature may be distributed in the not-for-official-business bag for members of the AMA-HOD. (I-92, Reaffirmed I-96, A-11, G-610.020)
3. A reduction in the volume of telephone calls from candidates, and literature and letters by or on behalf of candidates should be encouraged. The use of electronic messages to contact electors should also be minimized, and if used, must allow recipients to opt out of receiving future messages.
The Election Manual was initiated as a mechanism to reduce the number of telephone calls and mailings members of the AMA-HOD receive from or on behalf of candidates. The Election Manual provides an equal opportunity for each candidate to present the material he or she considers important to bring before the members of the AMA-HOD and should relieve the need for the additional expenditures incurred in making non-scheduled telephone calls and duplicative mailings. (I-92, A-11, G-610.020)
4. Publication of the AMA Election Manual should be continued. (I-96, G-610.020)
5. No campaign literature shall be distributed and no mass outreach electronic messages shall be transmitted after the Opening Session of the AMA-HOD. (I-96, A-11, G-610.020)
6. Upon request, the AMA Office of House of Delegates Affairs will furnish a candidate with a file (typically a spreadsheet) containing the names and mailing addresses of members of the House of Delegates, members of AMA councils and the board of trustees, and (if requested) other groups such as state and specialty society executives. The file may be used only for the mailing of a single announcement of candidacy or the mailing of campaign-related material(s) after the AMA-BOT has announced council nominations (approximately mid-April), at which point active campaigning is permitted.
The file may not be used for mailing holiday cards, letters or other materials, even if not campaign-oriented; or inviting members of the AMA-HOD to events, other than invitations to campaign receptions or parties that will take place in conjunction with the Annual Meeting and that are mailed during the time allowed for active campaigning. Such other use constitutes a violation of the rules.
1. Every state and specialty society delegation is encouraged to participate in a regional caucus for the purposes of candidate review activities. (I-80, G-610.020)
2. The Speakers’ Office shall coordinate the scheduling of candidate interviews for general officer positions (trustees, president-elect, speaker and vice speaker). (I-96, G-610.020)
3. The speaker has directed that the Office of House of Delegates Affairs arrange a system for scheduling candidate interviews as follows:
- Interviews will be scheduled from noon on Friday to 6 p.m. on Monday, the night before the election. On these days interview sessions may be scheduled from 7 a.m. to 9 p.m., except for times when the AMA-HOD or Reference Committees are in session and except for when the usual hospitality suites are open.
- Interviews for officer candidates will be booked in 10-minute units. Each candidate will be given one open 10-minute period of time between interviews. Each caucus can allocate one or more 10-minute units per session. Caucus staff should notify the Speakers’ Office when their interview sessions are scheduled, the room name and how many 10-minute units (candidates) should be scheduled in those time slots. The Speaker’s Office will prepare and distribute the initial schedule according to the AMA-HOD action. Adjustments or revisions should be arranged with the caucus staff and/or other candidates affected.
The AMA elections are held on Tuesday of the Annual Meeting from 7:30 to 8:45 a.m. under the supervision of the Committee on Rules and Credentials and the chief teller. Poll hours will not be extended beyond the times posted. All delegates eligible to vote must be in line to vote at the time appointed for the close of polls. Only credentialed delegates are permitted to cast a ballot. If a delegate cannot participate in the election, he or she may have a designated alternate delegate properly credentialed at the AMA registration desk prior to the election.
Candidates are listed on the ballot in alphabetical order by name only. AMA bylaws require simultaneous elections that call for the exact number of votes for each vacancy. Each ballot clearly states the number of votes that should be cast. Ballots containing more or fewer votes will not be counted. During runoffs, ballots containing more or fewer votes will be declared invalid by the chief teller. Also during runoffs, if a delegate makes a mistake and spoils the ballot, he or she should immediately signal a teller and request another ballot. A majority vote of the ballots cast is required for election.
If all of the vacancies are not filled on the first ballot, a runoff ballot will be distributed and collected by the tellers on the floor of the AMA-HOD. AMA bylaws dictate that if three or more members of the AMA-BOT or any council are still to be elected, the number of nominees in the runoff election shall be no more than twice the number of remaining vacancies less one. If two or fewer members of the AMA-BOT or council are still to be elected, the number of nominees in the runoff shall be no more than twice the number of remaining vacancies. In either case, the nominees in runoff elections are determined by retaining those who received the greater number of votes on the preceding ballot and eliminating the nominee(s) who received the fewest number of votes on the preceding ballot, except where there is a tie. This process will continue until all the vacancies are filled.
Those candidates who are elected officially take office at the conclusion of the Annual Meeting.