This pronunciation guide has been developed and approved by the USAN Council, and was revised at the USAN Council meeting, July 14, 2006, to facilitate pronunciation of USAN and will be used on all future Statements of Adoption.

Syllables

Syllable designations are based upon phonetic considerations. A prime mark (′) follows the primary accent syllable; a double prime mark (″) follows any secondary accent syllable. All syllables are separated by a blank space. No diacritical marks are used.

Sounds and spelling

Short vowel sounds receive no special designations in any syllable.

Vowels, long-spelling designations in all syllables except the last syllable unless indicated otherwise:

TABLE 1: Sounds and spelling

Spelling designations in the last syllable: The vowels a, i and o assume long vowel sounds by the addition of an e at the end of the syllable.

Short vowel sounds receive no special designation in any syllable.

TABLE 2: Short vowel sounds

TABLE 3: Digraphs

TABLE 4: Consonant sounds and examples

 

This pronunciation guide has been developed and approved by the USAN Council, and was revised at the USAN Council meeting, July 14, 2006, to facilitate pronunciation of USAN and will be used on all future Statements of Adoption.

Syllables

Syllable designations are based upon phonetic considerations. A prime mark (′) follows the primary accent syllable; a double prime mark (″) follows any secondary accent syllable. All syllables are separated by a blank space. No diacritical marks are used.

Sounds and spelling

Short vowel sounds receive no special designations in any syllable.

Vowels, long-spelling designations in all syllables except the last syllable unless indicated otherwise:

TABLE 1: Sounds and spelling

Spelling designations in the last syllable: The vowels a, i and o assume long vowel sounds by the addition of an e at the end of the syllable.

Short vowel sounds receive no special designation in any syllable.

TABLE 2: Short vowel sounds

TABLE 3: Digraphs

TABLE 4: Consonant sounds and examples

 

TABLE 1: Sounds and spelling

a ay (may)
e ee (lee) same in last syllable also
i eye when by itself as a syllable
ye when in conjunction with a consonant: lye
o oh (when by itself as a syllable)
oe (when in conjunction with a consonant: toe)
u ue (cue, cure) same in last syllable also
y ee (oxytocin, ox ee toe' sin)
eye (kanamycin, kan a mye' sin)

TABLE 2: Short vowel sounds

- rate
- bite
- toe

TABLE 3: Digraphs

ah father
aw paw
oi oil
oo food
ou ought
ow out
oy oil
ch child
ng sing
sh shot
th thought
wh when

Consonant sounds and examples

b bed
c citrate (si′ trate)
carbon (kar′ bon)
d dog
f flew
g gore
digital (di′ ji tal)
l low
m my
n no
p pit
q queen (kween)
r rot
s sing
t taught
v vote
x ox
xanthines (zan′ theens)
y yes
z zinc (zink)

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