Screening and Health Guidance for Suicide and Depression
The Guidelines for Adolescent Preventive Services (GAPS) approach is a model that uses a systematic strategy for screening and health guidance by primary care physicians This approach is designed to identify whether an adolescent engages in or is at risk for suicide and/or depression. More information on the development of GAPS as a framework for the organization and content of clinical preventive services is available.
View GAPS information below designed to identify those adolescents at risk for adverse consequences related to suicide and depression:
(Please note that a listing here does not indicate endorsement by the AMA.)
Other screening tools:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (information on trends and prevalence of adolescent suicide and depression)
- Mild depression
- Moderate to severe depression
- High risk for suicide
- Supportive counseling
- Refer for psychiatric evaluation
- Immediate hospitalization and psychiatric evaluation
Note: The GAPS information provided above was adapted from Levenberg PB, Elster AB. Guidelines for Adolescent Preventive Services (GAPS) Clinical Evaluation and Management Handbook. 1996. Chicago: American Medical Association.