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Reviewers for the history of African Americans and organized medicine

The article in the Journal of the American Medical Association was reviewed in draft from by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and expertise.  The purpose of this independent review was to provide candid and critical comments that would assist the Writing Group in making its published report as sound as possible and to ensure that the report met the Institute for Ethics' standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge. We wish to thank the following individuals for their review of our report:

Ronald M. Davis, MD, Immediate Past President, American Medical Association, and Center for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Henry Ford Health System

John S. Haller, Jr., PhD, Vice President for Academic Affairs, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale

Douglas M. Haynes, PhD, Associate Professor of History, University of California, Irvine

Darlene Clark Hine, PhD, Board of Trustees Professor of African American Studies, and Professor of History, Northwestern University

Kenneth M. Ludmerer, MD, Professor of Medicine, Washington University

Katya Gibel Mevorach, PhD, Associate Professor of Anthropology and American Studies, Grinnell College

Susan M. Reverby, PhD, MA, Marion Butler McLean Professor of Women's Studies, Wellesley College

David Barton Smith, PhD, Research Professor, Center for Health Equality and Department of Health Management and Policy, Drexel University School of Public Health, and Professor Emeritus, Department of Risk, Insurance and Healthcare Management, Fox School of Business, Temple University

Karen Kruse Thomas, PhD, Associate Director, Reichelt Oral History Program, Florida State University, and Adjunct Assistant Professor of History, University of Florida

Project Funding/Support
This project was funded by the Institute for Ethics at the American Medical Association.  Writing Group members received no compensation other than travel reimbursement. 

Role of the Sponsors
Neither AMA nor NMA leadership played a role in the collection, management, analysis, or interpretation of the data; nor were they involved in selecting the panel or choosing the contents of the Writing Group's publications.