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Historical Timeline

1847

The American Medical Association (AMA) is organized.

The Committee on Medical Education is formed.

1901

The annual medical education issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association begins.

1904

The Council on Medical Education is created.

1905

First educational standards for medical schools--"Standard now Recommended" and "Ideal Standard"--are published.

1906

First Council on Medical Education inspection of medical schools is conducted.

1910

"Flexner Report" evaluating medical schools is published.

1912

First survey of hospitals for the training of interns is conducted.

1919

The Essentials for Approved Internships is established.

1927

Approval of residency programs in hospitals begins.

1928

Essentials for registered hospitals and for approved residencies and fellowships are established.

1934

Examining boards for the certification of specialists are approved.

Standards are established for the formation of American boards in the specialties.

1942

The AMA and the Association of American Medical Colleges form the Liaison Committee on Medical Education.

1948

The AMA Council on Medical Education and the Advisory Board for Medical Specialties establish the Liaison Committee for Specialty Boards.

1949

Conference Committee on Internal Medicine, established in 1939, is reactivated.

1950

Conference Committee on Graduate Training in Surgery is established.

1951

First operation of the National Intern Matching Program occurs.

1955

Postgraduate medical education in the United States: a report of the survey of postgraduate medical education carried out by the Council on Medical Education and Hospitals by Douglas D. Vollan is published.

1956

Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates is established.

1957

A guide to postgraduate medical education (continuing medical education) is issued.

1958

The AMA House of Delegates approves a two-year integrated training program for Family Practice.

1959

The AMA House of Delegates adopts the term continuing medical education to replace postgraduate medical education.

1962

First accreditation survey of CME sponsors is completed by the AMA. The lists of accredited sponsors are published in JAMA.

1966

Report of the Citizens Commission on Graduate Medical Education (Millis Report) is published.

Council Report on Education for Family Practice (Willard Report) is published.

1967

Advisory Committee on Continuing Medical Education of the AMA House of Delegates develops nationwide accreditation system for CME providers.

1968

The AMA establishes the AMA Physician's Recognition Award (PRA) to recognize physicians who earn at least an average of 50 credits per year from educational activities that meet AMA standards.

1970

Advisory Board for Medical Specialties is reorganized as American Board of Medical Specialties.

1971

Liaison Committee on Graduate Medical Education (LCGME) is established.

1975

LCGME formally begins to accredit programs.

1977

Liaison Committee on Continuing Medical Education (LCCME) is established.

1981

Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) replaces previous accrediting bodies.

Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education is formed.

1982

The AMA House of Delegates adopts CME Report B, Recommendations for "Future Directions for Medical Education."

1987

The AMA House of Delegates adopts CME Report C, Resident Working Hours and Supervision.

1990

Initial development of an electronic database on residency programs (FREIDA) for use by medical students and residents takes place.

1991

Fellowship and Residency Electronic Interactive Data Access (FREIDA) System is established.

1996

Council on Medical Education approves AMA PRA Category 1 Credit for reading journal articles.

AMA FREIDA becomes AMA FREIDA Online.

2000

Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education becomes incorporated.

2002

CME Report 9, Resident Physician Working Conditions, is adopted by AMA House of Delegates.

2003

Council on Medical Education approves AMA PRA Category 1 Credit for test item writing and manuscript review learning formats.

2004

Council on Medical Education celebrates 100th anniversary.

Council on Medical Education approves AMA PRA Category 1 Credit for Performance Improvement CME (PI CME) learning format. 

2005

The AMA and the Association of American Medical Colleges sign Statement of Cooperation.

The AMA embarks on its Initiative to Transform Medical Education (ITME).

The Council on Medical Education approves AMA PRA Category 1 Credit for Internet Point of Care learning format.

2006

Alliance for CME awards the AMA for "significant contribution to the field of CME and the future of the profession."

AMA trademarks the phrase AMA PRA Category 1 Credit.

Phase 2 of ITME begins, resulting in recommendations for change across the continuum to address the identified gaps in medical education.

2007

Phase 3 of ITME begins with a working conference on Optimizing the Medical Education Learning Environment.

2008

Phase 3 of ITME continues with a conference in collaboration with the American Academy of Pediatrics on Physician Reentry into Practice.

2009

The AMA and the Association of American Medical Colleges hold the ITME Conference on Increasing Attention to Behavioral Competencies in the Admissions Process.

2010

The AMA and the Association of American Medical Colleges co-sponsor an invitational conference, "New Horizons in Medical Education: A Second Century of Achievement."

2011

AMA Innovative Strategies for Transforming the Education of Physicians (ISTEP) research collaborative begins second stage of its study of the medical education learning environment.

2012

AMA announces new strategic plan to focus on Accelerating Change in Medical Education as one of its three main focus areas.

The AMA and the Association of American Medical Colleges sign formal agreement that outlines their joint, ongoing commitment to supporting the medical education accreditation process.

2013

AMA announces grant funding for medical school innovations. Awards $11 million to 11 medical schools nationwide as part of its Accelerating Change in Medical Education initiative.

AMA PRA recognizes teaching students and residents as an AMA PRA Category 1 Credit activity.

AMA holds conference on innovations in medical education.

AMA launches its Save GME grassroots campaign (saveGME.org) to urge Congress to preserve GME funding and lift the federal cap on residency slots.

2014

The AMA is among the four signers of a formal agreement between the Liaison Committee on Medical Education (LCME) and the Committee on Accreditation of Canadian Medical Schools (CACMS) to ensure medical school graduates in both the United States and Canada meet their respective countries' standards and are prepared for the next phase of their medical training.

2014

AMA CME convenes conference with American Board of Medical Specialties and its member boards to discuss ways to improve Maintenance of Certification.